Cow comfort vital in dry cow management – Farm Talk

Though dry cows on a dairy may seem less important than those putting milk in the tank, dry cow management is an essential portion of a successful dairy.

“How we treat them prepartum has a lot to do with how they are for the rest of the lactation,” said Jim Fisher, nutritionist for Midwest Ag Services, at the 49th annual Monett Dairy Day in Monett, Missouri.

Though 74 percent of the year involves lactation, a cow may be dry for 11 percent and in transition for 5 percent — and those periods can affect production from her days in milk to her peak lactation.

Fisher recommended looking at dry cow management in two phases: a far-off period and a close-up period. In the far-off period, producers should provide time for mammary involution and maintain body condition.

“3.25 is about where you want to be with condition optimally but you can’t always get that,” he said.

In the close-up period, the nutritionist suggested preparing the rumen for increased intake and a greater starch load and preparing the body for increased demands for calcium, glucose and other nutrients.

“The better you treat the cow, the better the cow is going to treat you,” Fisher said.

In dry lots and pack barns, he suggested providing 152 square feet per cow, keeping it clean, and using a cooling system. When grazing, shade and keeping cows cool is the focus.

Fisher said 100 percent of the top 20 herds in Minnesota use deep bedded stalls with the majority (90 percent) using deep bedded sand. Those 20 herds use a greater stall length of 98.3 inches.

In a free stall, Fisher explained the main objective is to get the cow to lay down.

“One extra hour of laying down equals 3 extra pounds of milk,” he said.

For those wanting to implement a cooling system into a dairy, Fisher said it doesn’t have to be fancy. The goal should be air movement of 7 to 8 miles per hour and uniform coverage. For feedline soaking, 6 to 8 foot nozzle spacing is recommended.

Fisher also showed data indicating keeping dry cows cool has a positive effect on conception rates, pregnancy rates and milk production during lactation.

“Cooling dry cows — all cows — pays,” he emphasized.

For feed and water availability, Fisher said 25 to 35 inches per cow with 90 to 100 percent stocking density in feed bunk space. Offer one water trough with clean water for every 20 cows and allot 2 to 3 inches per cow.

“Clean water is a big, big deal,” he said.

Fisher also emphasized supplementing grazing cows during periods of low grass quality and using feed additives as tools to increase profit. He suggested producers contact a nutritionist or an Extension office to find the most suitable program.

Scott Poock, University of Missouri Extension state dairy veterinarian, gave tips on interpreting Dairy Herd Information test records.

He stressed producers implement the three Ms: measure, monitor and manage. This, he said, will help producers make sound decisions on the dairy.

From reproductive summaries to somatic cell count reports, DHI has proven a valuable tool, Poock said.

“The ‘Hot Sheet’, I think, is one of the very valuable things you get out of DHI,” Poock said, explaining it helps identify high SCC cows so producers can either cull them or culture and treat the problem.

“There is a return on DHI testing,” he said.

Stacey Hamilton, MU Extension dairy specialist, gave producers the opportunity to analyze the cost of feeding raw milk to calves to the spring flush.

He suggested considering the cost of milk, the cost of milk replacer, the cost of a pasteurizer, and other factors by using a spreadsheet which lets producers see a cost comparison.

Joe Horner, MU agricultural economist, explained items to consider when contracting milk and feed for consistent budgets.

Not everyone who contracts is guaranteed higher milk prices or lower feed costs, Horner explained.

“I’ve seen pretty few dairymen go bankrupt,” he said, explaining he has seen those who have stressed themselves into liquidation due to tough financial situations, however.

Horner recommended staying liquid enough to cash flow through the year and maintaining goodwill with vendors.

“People are going to come through for you,” he said, but only if you make a good effort at staying up to date on your bills.

Horner suggested completing a detailed balance sheet every year on Dec. 31 as well as doing a monthly cash flow outlook.

“You don’t want to be depending on the kindness of strangers,” he said.

As for contracting milk prices, Horner said February is the end of a low cycle so now would not be recommend. May to August would be the time to look into forward contracting. Producers should also watch if stock-to-use ratio drops below 12.

Knowing the seasonality of milk and corn as well as milk price cycles and your working capital position and monthly cash flow outlook are key in consistent budgeting, he concluded. £

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Runaway cow escapes slaughterhouse to live on Polish island – BBC News

A cow set for a slaughterhouse has instead escaped, by ramming a fence and swimming to an island.

The runaway bovine has sought sanctuary on the islands of Lake Nyskie in southern Poland for the past few weeks.

Its owner gave up on capturing the animal after attempts to retrieve it led the cow to repeatedly swim off.

Calls to have the cow shot have been met with fierce opposition, with one local politician saying he has made it his mission to save the “hero cow”.

It all started when the animal was being led towards a truck bound for an abattoir, Polish website Wiadomosci reported.

Her owner, only known as Mr Lukasz, advised handlers to tranquilise the cow but failing to heed that warning, they were overpowered by the animal.

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During her escape, which saw the cow barge through a metal fence, a farm worker sustained a broken arm and bruised ribs.

When found on the shores of Lake Nyskie, the bovine refused to be recaptured. “I saw her diving under water,” Mr Lukasz told Wiadomosci.

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After failed attempts to recapture the animal, Mr Lukasz gave up hope of bringing back his cow and began leaving food on the island instead.

When firefighters used a boat to cross the reservoir, the cow swam about 50 metres to a neighbouring peninsula of the island.

Calls to have the cow shot have been met with opposition. A local politician, Pawel Kukiz, has even stepped in and offered to save the “hero cow” from death.

In a Facebook post, he said “if all citizens have shown such determination as this cow”, then Poland would be a much more prosperous country.

This is not the first time a cow has made a dash for freedom.

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In January, a Dutch cow called Hermien escaped a slaughterhouse and took refuge in a forest near Lettele for six weeks. Locals rallied to save her by crowd funding for her care at a cow sanctuary.

In 2011, German animal activists used a bull to lure and recapture a runaway cow named Yvonne, which was facing a hunter’s bullet in Bavaria.

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Spilled milk: Without concerted support, local dairy farms may soon … – The Keene Sentinel

S everal years ago, we said goodbye to Video Headquarters in Keene. The operation had long served the region’s video, gaming and, eventually, T-shirt needs. It had been a strong local presence, offering valuable service, while its proprietor had contributed to the community through sponsorships, donations and more. It thrived and persevered even when many thought market forces would push it out. Eventually, though, it became apparent the store’s days were numbered, for reasons its owners had no control over.

We wonder if that same writing is on the wall for the small, family-run dairy farm. The background dynamic might be different — video rentals fell victim to evolving technology and consumer habits, while the stress on dairy farms is one of market forces — but as was the case with Video Headquarters, the iconic family dairy farms once so plentiful here are either disappearing or finding themselves scrambling to adapt to niche markets.

Last week, we detailed the auction of more than 1,100 dairy cows that were the property of Stoneholm Farm in Putney, Vt. That farm is being sold, piecemeal, after generations of operation in West Keene by the Barrett family. The property is being sold and may still be used for dairy farming, but if it is, it might well be as part of the organic dairy sub-industry that’s keeping many small farms afloat. Or it might cater to some niche dairy market, like Hinsdale’s Echo Farm, which has carved out a name as a pudding manufacturer.

The reality is that smaller farms — yes, including those with “only” 1,100 cows — are falling victim to the industry’s economics.

The prime concept of economics is supply and demand: If demand exceeds the supply, prices rise; if the supply exceeds demand, prices drop. But within the dairy industry, this basic dynamic becomes more complicated. To begin with, while there’s plenty of demand for milk and other dairy products, that demand is predicated largely on the price remaining low. If milk is expensive, shoppers simply choose juice or soda or other beverages. That could drop the price so low that farms cannot succeed. So the government historically has stepped in to ensure farmers receive a price that allows them to survive and keep producing. But in the past decade or so, those protections have become more precarious, where they exist at all.

Add to that the changing economies of scale — it’s less expensive to produce milk if you have more cows, especially if you also treat them poorly to maximize production. So huge dairy farms have become the major players in the industry, to the point not only of having a built-in economic advantage, but also to where they have such influence as to direct regulation in their favor. Five dairy operations now control 44 percent of the industry.

Between 1992 and 2012, the country lost more than 250,000 midsize and small commercial farms, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. During that same period, The Washington Post reported, more than 35,000 very large farms started up, and the large farms already in existence consolidated their acreage.

Many think of New Hampshire and Vermont as agricultural holdovers. Asked to picture the twin states, it’s easy to conjure images of wooden-rail fences, big red barns, feed silos and black-and-white Holsteins. But Vermont ranks only 17th in dairy production and New Hampshire 37th among U.S. states. It may be our heritage, but whether it’s our future is certainly in doubt.

The good news is that the demand for milk and other dairy products isn’t going away, as has the need for VHS or DVD rentals. The question is what adaptations are needed to keep local farms in business.

The aforementioned organic movement offers some respite, for now. By adhering to its stringent processes, organic farmers can charge more for their product. But there’s a law of diminishing returns there; the more organic milk becomes available, the less prestigious it becomes, lowering the price. And in any case, the major players have taken notice of how lucrative organic products can be, which will eventually undermine the smaller farms.

The local food movement holds promise; more people, in this region and elsewhere, are consciously choosing to consume products grown or produced nearby. That may help keep some farmers afloat. To really have an effect, it will require far more shoppers to pay close attention to where their dairy products come from, and they may pay a premium for those products.

So, support local dairy farms when and if you’re able. And when you drive past those rolling fields, barns, silos and cows, enjoy them. While you can.

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'Hero cow' evades trip to slaughterhouse, swims to her freedom on island, injures captor in process – SFGate

A “hero cow” is living a life of freedom after an action-packed escape helped it avoid being sent to a slaughterhouse.

The animal was in the midst of being led to a truck for transport to a slaughterhouse when it made a break for it, jumping the line and ramming a metal mesh fence before running towards a nearby lake in the southern Poland town, reported news program Wiadomosci.

When its owner traced the cow to the lake’s shore and attempted to get it back, the cow refused; instead, a farm employee wound up with a broken arm and bruised ribs following a confrontation.

To further avoid capture, the cow took to the water. The breeder told Wiadomosci the cow swam to an island in the middle of the lake, and he even saw the cow dive underwater at one point.

As of Friday, the cow was in its third week of living alone on the island.

Both the owner and firefighters have attempted to get the bovine back, but have not been successful. Using a boat to reach the island, when firefighters first reached the shores of the island, the cow instead “entered the water and swam about 50 meters to the neighboring peninsula” to avoid capture.

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The owner himself tried to get the cow back for two days before giving up, but the animal attacked anyone who tried to get near it. The owner instead resigned himself to visiting the island daily to provide the animal with food.

A plan to tranquilize the cow in order to bring it back to the farm has been put on hold as a nearby veterinarian has run out of gas cartridges for the gun, and would require “several days” to get the necessary item.

The cow’s story has won it some fans, after local politician Pawel Kukiz shared the story on Facebook and called the cow a hero for its daring escape.

Kukiz wrote about how the cow “escaped heroically” and “infiltrated the island” where “she was still on the battlefield.”

“I am not a vegetarian, but fortitude and the will to fight for this cow’s life is invaluable!” Kukiz’s post continued. “Therefore, I decided to do everything to (first) cause the cow to be delivered to a safe place and in the second stage, as a reward for her attitude, give her a guarantee of a long-term retirement and natural death.”

Just hours later, Kukiz reported that someone had pledged to help the cow and provide “a peaceful pension without the prospect of a butcher knife.” It was unclear if the cow has been removed from the island as of Sunday.

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'Hero cow' escapes abattoir in Poland by swimming to island – Sky News

A plucky cow that was being taken to an abattoir in Poland managed to escape after swimming to safety on an island.

Keen to keep her life the bovine made a run for it as slaughterhouse workers tried to load her on to a lorry at the farm she was raised on.

Having ignored advice she would need to be tranquilised the workers were then sent running after the escaped animal, Polish news show Wiadomosci reported.

A farmworker suffered broken and bruised ribs after the cow rammed a metal fence during her escape.

She then ran into the nearby Lake Nysa in south Poland close to the border with the Czech Republic and appeared to dive underwater, before swimming over to an island, which has become her new home.

The farmer, known only as Mr Lukasz, tried for a week to get the cow back but has given up and is now caring for her on the island, where he makes sure she has enough food.

He eventually called the fire brigade to help him shift the stubborn cow but when firefighters approached her by boat she swam about 50 metres to a peninsula.

Pawel Gotowski, deputy commander of the Nysa fire brigade, said they could not get closer than 70 metres to the cow because she was so scared.

The farmer said he does not want to put the cow down as he can still make money by selling her.

Her story has captured the nation, with local politician and former singer Pawel Kukiz offering to save the “hero cow” from her death.

He said: “If all citizens could show such determination as this cow then Poland would be a much more prosperous country.

“I am not a vegetarian, but fortitude and the will to fight for this cow’s life is invaluable.

“Therefore, I have decided to do everything to get the cow delivered to a safe place and, as a reward for her attitude, guarantee her a long-term retirement and natural death.”

More from Poland

A local zoo said it would happily take the cow but it unable to do so because European Union rules state zoos can only house “approved” animals.

Most cows are good swimmers, but if they grow tired they do not head for dry land and instead stop swimming and drown.

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Harry Styles puts $8 million LA bachelor pad up for sale and reveals secret love for cow print and home spin classes –

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Harry Styles puts $8 million LA bachelor pad up for sale and reveals secret love for cow print and home spin classes
The gated three-bedroom, five-bathroom home boasts "epic" views of downtown and the ocean, through floor-to-ceiling windows. Littered throughout the 14-room house are tell-tale signs of 24-year-old Harry's quirky style. The master bedroom offers

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Looking at Cattle Inventories in Major Beef Cow States – Drovers Magazine

The Cattle report issued by USDA-NASS in late January included several interesting changes in major beef cow states.  Drought impacted the northern plains much of 2017 and continues to negatively impact producers in parts of Montana and North and South Dakota.  However, regional drought which affected parts of those states did not result in net herd liquidation year over year.  The beef cow inventory in Montana grew 0.7 percent to 1.497 million head in 2017.  In North Dakota, the beef cow herd grew 3.2 percent, twice the national herd growth rate, to 984.5 thousand head, in 2017.  This is the largest North Dakota beef herd level since 2002. Beef replacement heifers in both states were down sharply, 8.2 percent smaller in Montana and 7.3 percent smaller in North Dakota, and may indicate less growth potential in 2018, which could be due in part to the ongoing impacts of drought. 

Most surprising is the strong herd growth in South Dakota, which added the largest number of cows of any state in 2017.  The beef cow herd in South Dakota increased 8.2 percent, to 1.801 million head, also the highest state herd inventory since 2002.  Beef replacement heifers in South Dakota were up 10.1 percent, suggesting that aggressive beef herd growth will continue in 2018. 

The beef cow herd in Texas grew faster than the national average last year and was up 2.8 percent to a January 1, 2018 level of 4.585 million head. Nevertheless, Texas has generally recovered more slowly from the 2011-2013 drought than other states and the 2018 herd inventory is still less than the 2011 total.  Beef replacement heifers were down a scant 1.2 percent in Texas, perhaps suggesting potential for additional herd growth in the coming year.  Oklahoma, which had previously recovered to pre-drought levels, added another 1.7 percent to the beef cow herd inventory year over year, and at 2.131 million head was at the largest state herd level since 1983.  Beef replacement heifers were down 5.7 percent in Oklahoma. 

Missouri added the third largest number of beef cows to the herd (behind South Dakota and Texas) pushing the 2018 beef cow inventory up 5.4 percent to 2.166 million head.  This moved Missouri slightly ahead of Oklahoma to once again rank as the second largest beef cow state in the country.  Beef replacement heifers in Missouri were down a modest 1.4 percent year over year.  Kansas, after jumping five percent in 2016, decreased the beef cow herd by 4.0 percent in 2017 to a January, 2018 total of 1.507 million head.  Beef replacement heifers in Kansas were down 9.7 percent and may suggest additional herd decrease in 2018. Nebraska and Iowa were little changed with the Nebraska beef cow herd down 0.5 percent to 1.91 million head and Iowa up 0.5 percent to 970 thousand head.  Kentucky, also a top ten beef cow state, saw a 1.0 percent herd growth in 2017 to 1.033 million head.

It is noteworthy that Florida, long a top ten beef cow state, dropped to thirteenth place with 886 thousand head on January 1, 2018; behind Arkansas with 924 thousand head and Tennessee with 910 thousand head.  This is the first time Florida has had less than 900 thousand head of beef cows since 1964.

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“Cow vigilantism” in India – The Economist (blog)

MANY stock images of India’s cities show cows lying by the roadside or ruminating in the middle of the street as cars and bikes swerve around them. The animals, sacred to Hindus, have a licence to roam. Earlier this month the state government of Uttar Pradesh proposed making medicines with their urine, which is rumoured to cure cancer, eliminate wrinkles and prevent ageing. Their dung is believed to absorb harmful radioactivity. The animals’ status is now so high that in recent years “cow vigilantes” have taken to attacking and sometimes killing people they suspect of trafficking in cattle intended for slaughter. Thirty-seven such attacks were reported in 2017, many more than in previous years. Just last month a mob in the eastern state of Bihar beat up a truck driver whom they suspected to be carrying beef.

It was not always so. D.N. Jha, a historian, writes in “The Myth of the Holy Cow” that beef, along with other varieties of meat, was often used in the haute cuisine of early India. But sometime during the second millennium BC, with agriculture evolving, cows were increasingly considered more useful as a source of milk, manure and ploughing power than as meat. Fast-forward to the 19th century AD and for upper-caste Hindus the eating of beef had become a taboo. Cows were central to the first big riot between Hindus and Muslims, in Uttar Pradesh in 1893, which took place after Muslims had been stopped from slaughtering cows during an annual festival. 

Most of India’s 29 states have either banned or restricted the killing of cows. In Gujarat it is punishable by life imprisonment. Rajasthan has a cow-welfare ministry. In the “cow belt” of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, “cow protectors” armed with bats, swords and guns look for vehicles that are transporting cows across state borders. They have been known to extort money from drivers without verifying whether the cows they carry are being sent to slaughter or, in the case of meat, whether it is indeed beef. In a country where relations between some Hindu and Muslim communities remain especially fraught, this behaviour does not necessarily reflect greater religiosity. But politics does seem to matter. According to IndiaSpend, a data-journalism website, 97% of all cow-vigilante attacks reported since 2010 took place after the Hindu-nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power in 2014, with Narendra Modi as prime minister. Most have targeted Muslims and Dalits (formerly known as untouchables), who traditionally skin the carcasses of cows. In a report published in January, Human Rights Watch, a global campaigning group, wrote that the Indian government has failed to investigate the attacks in credible fashion, while “many senior BJP leaders publicly promoted Hindu supremacy and ultra-nationalism, which encouraged further violence.”

The costs of the attacks are high. India’s $83bn dairy industry has taken a hit. Farmers are increasingly unwilling to expand their herds, as it is hard to get rid of unproductive livestock. Shelters for old cows are often overcrowded, says Kavita Srivastava, an activist. In Rajasthan a 10% surcharge is levied on stamp duty to fund the shelters. In many states boxes outside shops encourage people to donate towards their upkeep. But the system is opaque. “No one knows where the money ends up,” says Arjun Sheoran, a lawyer. Some steps would improve the situation. Stricter laws that recognise cow vigilantism as a crime against minorities could be enacted. Victim-protection schemes and faster court rulings could be funded. And more stringent punishments could be meted out to those who use cows as a pretext to exacerbate communal tensions. But moves of this nature will be difficult in a country where a judge claimed just a few years ago that cow dung was more valuable than the Koh-i-noor diamond.

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Is Yoga Good For Your Skin? Here's How A Regular Practice Keeps Your Complexion Healthy – Elite Daily

Whether you’re a self-proclaimed yogi, or you just dabble in the practice from time to time, chances are you didn’t just wake up one day and hit the mat (unless that’s exactly what happened, and if so, right on). Everyone has their reasons for why they began their yoga journey. For me, child’s pose relieved stress, while downward dog helped me become more flexible, but aside from the physical benefits, did you know yoga is good for your skin, as well? Mind you, this isn’t a green light to toss your favorite moisturizer in the trash, but it is a bonus incentive to join a class, or stretch it out on your living room rug.

Personally, I’ve never thought too much about how exercising affects my skin, aside from raising an eyebrow at the occasional rumors about how working up a sweat could cause breakouts. BTW, for the most part, this is a total myth: Interestingly enough, NYC dermatologist and creator of BeautyRx Dr. Neal Schultz, M.D., told Refinery29 that sweat can actually benefit the skin by acting as a natural moisturizer that cleanses the pores, cools down the skin, and kills bacteria.

However, unless your vinyasa is taking place in a heated studio, or the sequence you’re performing requires one challenging pose after another, yoga doesn’t always generate that dripping perspiration that, say, sprints on the treadmill would achieve. So how, then, does yoga keep your skin healthy?


Yoga is so much more than a gentle workout (side note: Sometimes it’s really not all that gentle, and anyone who’s attempted crow pose can vouch here); it’s a full-body experience that targets the mind, body, and soul. Physically, you’re flowing on the mat, but your mind is soaking in the mantras of your instructor, or a soft instrumental melody to bring awareness to your mental state and work through any emotional tension.

Now, here’s the link between stress and hormonal acne: When anxiety levels spike, your body responds by producing an excessive amount of the hormone androgen, which stimulates the oil glands. Combine this sebum with lingering dead skin cells and bacteria, the mixture clogs up pores, and bam, you’ve got yourself a monstrous breakout. (This kind of acne isn’t exclusive to your complexion either, friends. Hormonal breakouts come in the form of back acne, they can pop up on your chest, etc.)

In an exclusive interview with Elite Daily, Lycored yoga ambassador Kristin McGee explains that yoga can ultimately reduce stress levels through “deep diaphragmatic breathing” exercises, while the meditative aspect and slow, mindful flows of the practice can “ease any inflammation.” Relax the mind, relax the body, relax all the hormones floating around just waiting to wreak havoc on your skin. Sounds easy enough, right?

The physical effects yoga poses have on the body also contribute to healthy, glowing skin.


In addition to becoming much more flexible (seriously, you should see my bridge pose) and less anxious, I’ve noticed that when I regularly practice yoga, my digestive system is on point. This is because certain poses like bound lotus, forward fold, and spinal twists massage your digestive organs and stimulate a healthy flow.

According to the UK company BIOEFFECT, when you’re all clogged up, your body is unable to process the skin-loving nutrients that come from things like veggies and fruit, and this can cause dull skin and acne. So the more you practice yoga, the more *regular* you’ll be, if you know what I mean, which means less pollution to muddle up your complexion.

Additionally, yoga poses that focus on the legs and on grounding through your feet and hands for balance stimulate your immune system and blood flow to keep your internal organs in prime condition. “Dynamic postures,” McGee tells Elite Daily, like downward dog, cat-cow (one my personal favorites), and sun salutations, which “build heat and keep the body moving” are all great for your skin.

Because yoga postures require you to “use your own body” to balance and mold into these taxing positions, she continues, things like deep, low lunges, plank variations, and inversions “force the muscles, bones, and joints to work,” therefore improving “muscle tone” and “elasticity.” What’s more, when you work to improve your flexibility through these sorts of poses, McGee adds, they “librate the joints,” which keeps skin soft and supple.

Of course, practicing yoga is just one of many natural treatments to keeping skin healthy. Products like moisturizers and daily cleansers, as well as staying hydrated and eating a well-balanced diet full of vitamins and minerals, will all help you sustain a clear complexion and healthy skin throughout your entire body. What you put in, you’ll get out, so show your body some love, and it will do the same.

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Search is on to find Britain's Sexiest Cow – Farmers Weekly – FarmersWeekly

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Search is on to find Britain's Sexiest Cow – Farmers Weekly
Yes, you did read the headline of this story correctly. From Valentine's Day (14 February), farmers can enter their cattle in a competition to win the title Britain's Sexiest Cow. This isn't a load of bull, it's a real competition. Now is the time to

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