Explore CSR funding for cow shelters, Yogi tells officials – Economic Times

LUCKNOW: Struggling to check stray cows, the Yogi Adityanath government has asked all district magistrates in the state to explore the option of getting companies to run temporary cow shelters as part of their corporate social responsibility obligations.

An order issued by the UP government to all senior administrative officials in districts on January 2 mentioned this as part of a new policy on how to immediately set up and run temporary cow shelters in the state. “The local bodies can manage and run these temporary cow shelters either at their own level, through self-help groups or with help of companies falling under CSR,” said the order, a copy of which has been seen by ET.

The order suggested that industrialists be “motivated” to set up big biogas or CNG plants through good use of cow dung and cow urine, so that the proposed cow-shelters can be made self-sustainable to run. It further said that the construction of the cow shelters could be done by local bodies through funds allocated for the government’s flagship rural jobs scheme MGNREGS, Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) or MLALAD funds. Each such temporary shelter will house 1,000 cows, it said.

ET had earlier reported that the UP government had sought the help of companies under CSR to build a grand statue of Lord Ram in Ayodhya.

The January 2 order came after Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath held a review meeting and asked senior officials in districts to ensure all stray cows are taken to cow shelters by January 10.

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As per an earlier plan of the state government, 104 new and permanent cow shelters will take two months to build. The government has directed construction of temporary cow shelters in all cities and villages in states to house stray cows in the state for the time being.

The order mentioned that there were nearly 20 million crore cattle in the state as per the 2012 livestock census and the population of stray or abandoned cattle had increased over time owing to a variety of reasons. “There is a need to reduce the increasing number of abandoned/stray cattle… hence this policy to set up temporary cow shelters all over the state has been drawn up to address this burning problem,” it said.

It spelt out five objectives as part of the new policy – providing shelter to abandoned cattle, ensuring food and care of the cattle at temporary shelters, along with vaccination and medical care, using sex-sorted semen technology on female cattle at the shelter for assisted reproduction of female calves and making these shelters self-sustainable by sale of milk, cow dung and compost.

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'Profit Per Cow is a Loser' – Business – ThisWeek Community News

I have been a subscriber to the Pharo Cattle Company newsletter and its PCC email updates for more than a decade and through the years have enjoyed the philosophies, management advice, stories, jokes and articles. I have heard Kit Pharo, founder of Pharo Cattle Company, speak and I appreciate his approach to cattle production and his management philosophy. The PCC newsletter and PCC email update articles challenge conventional thinking regarding beef cattle production (subscribe by emailing kit@pharocattle.com). A Dec. 26 PCC email update contained an article written by Alan Newport, “Profit Per Cow is a Loser” and with permission from him and Kit Pharo, I am sharing it in this column. I hope it helps you to start your 2019 year with some critical thinking.

“One of the smartest things I’ve heard anyone say was Johann Zietsman’s comparison of corn farming and beef production. The rancher-consultant from Zimbabwe said if corn farmers thought like beef producers, they would space their plants far apart and try to maximize the number of kernels per ear and the number of ears per plant. They would think nothing about yield per acre. In the end, they would surely go broke.

“This is pure, sound logic, and yet the cow business has been chasing profit per corn plant … er, I mean per cow … for 50 years and more. In fact, we don’t really even measure profit per cow but only production per cow, with little attention paid to net profit at all. No wonder our industry’s average net return is so low, commonly averaging 3 percent. Of course, there exist cow operations that make 10 percent or more and those which lose money nearly every year.

“Texas economist Stan Bevers says cow operations are asset-management operations — meaning the investment money goes into assets with very low turnover — and the largest asset is nearly always the land. Usually, the second-largest asset class is the cattle.

“Yet the profit-per-cow mindset overlooks the natural tendency to make bigger cows so they require more land, thereby increasing cost per unit of production in two ways.

“If we also consider that when managed grazing is properly executed, it has been shown by hundreds of practitioners across the nation — indeed around the world — to improve the land’s productivity over time. That means we can run more units of production (cows) on fewer acres, thereby lowering our cost of production. If we at the same time select cattle that are well-suited to forage, moreover well-suited to the very high-density grazing which allows us to improve the land faster and produce even more pounds of beef per acre, we are also selecting for animals that lower our cost structure further.

“There is a counterintuitive outcome of profit per cow that needs to be explored. When we focus on the cow exclusively, the side effect is bigger, higher producing cows and lighter and lighter stocking rates — exactly the path we’ve taken. We talk about how much our calves weighed on sale day and whether they topped the sale in price. Instead, we should be measuring our net profit per acre, and secondarily asking whether each cow is paying her way by producing a calf every single year and doing it at very low cost.

We should also stay out of the coffee shops and co-ops if we can’t learn to ignore the neighbors’ drivel about how much their calves weighed.”

Pesticide and Fertilizer Recertification at Shearer Equipment Expo

Private pesticide applicator along with private and commercial fertilizer applicator recertification training are offered Jan. 24 at Fisher Auditorium on the OARDC campus, sponsored by Shearer Equipment as part of their Shearer Equipment Expo at the Shisler/Fisher conference center. Private pesticide applicator recertification will be held from 9 a.m.-noon and will cover core as well as categories 1 (Field Crops), 2 (Forages and Livestock) and 6 (Fumigation). Cost is $35 per license holder. Pre-registration is requested to the Wayne County Extension office at 330-264-8722 or is available online at http://www.cvent.com/d/gbq33w/4W. Sign-in and registration for pesticide recertification will open at 8:15 a.m. Take your pesticide license number with you to the training.

Fertilizer applicator recertification is offered at 2 p.m. Jan. 24 as part of the Shearer Equipment Expo program. The recertification training is an hour and the cost is $10 per person. Pre-registration is requested to the Wayne County Extension office at 330-264-8722 or is available on-line at http://www.cvent.com/d/gbq33w/4W. Sign-in and registration for fertilizer recertification will open at 1:15 p.m. Take your pesticide license or your fertilizer certification card with you to the training.

Rory Lewandowski is an OSU Extension Agriculture & Natural Resources Educator and may be reached at 330-264-8722.

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Microalgae as soybean meal replacement in dairy cow diets – FeedNavigator.com

However, they said the palatability of the microalgae would need to be improved.

The objective of their study, which was conducted at the University of Helsinki research farm, was to compare the effects of different microalgae species, namely Spirulina platensis​, Chlorella vulgaris​, and a mixture of C. vulgaris​ and Nannochloropsis gaditana​, against soybean meal on dairy cow performance, milk fatty acid composition and nitrogen utilization.

The research was published in Animal Feed Science and Technology​​​.

The findings demonstrated the suitability of non-defatted and protein-rich microalgae for the nutrition of lactating dairy cows, said the Finnish team.

They explained that the use of microalgae in the diet did not affect total amount of dry matter intake (DMI) but changed the composition of DMI by increasing silage intake, and thus led to decreasing proportion of concentrate in the diet. Despite the poorer palatability of microalgae concentrates, microalgae diets resulted in milk and energy corrected milk (ECM) yields similar to soybean meal, with spirulina having numerically the highest yields, they said.

“This may be attributed to increased methionine intake on microalgae diets.”

The team found no differences in apparent digestibility of nutrients between the diets tested:

“Owing to spirulina, microalgae diets increased milk fat concentration either via more acetate intensive rumen fermentation or increased body lipid mobilization. Nannochloropsis inclusion in the diet resulted in most favorable omega-6: omega-3 ratio for human nutrition and fourfold increase in milk eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) concentration without adverse effects on milk fat production.”​<html><body>

Background

One of the prompts for the research was the fact that the EU is highly dependent on protein feed imports, with self-sufficiency in soybean production very low, at only 5% (Bouxin, 2017), leaving the EU livestock sector vulnerable to trade distortions, availability and price volatility of soybeans.

The reduction of the protein deficit of the EU is considered to have multiple ecological and socio-economic advantages (Häusling, 2011), wrote the authors

“This requires both the improvement of current protein feed production systems such as increased utilization of pulses as well as the development of novel protein feed resources such as microalgae, that include both prokaryotic species such as cyanobacteria, and eukaryotic species such as chlorophytes belonging to green algae.”

The case for microalgae derived protein

Due to their extremely rapid growth rate (Chisti, 2007), microalgae out-yield conventional protein feed resources on an area basis (van Krimpen et al., 2013), noted the team.

“Because microalgae cultivation can take place in marginal or non-arable land, it has also been suggested that the feed use of microalgae has a potential to improve food security (Efroymson et al., 2017).”

They acknowledged the high production cost of microalgae (Pang et al., 2018) makes them currently an uncompetitive feed option, but they said that situation may change in the near future due to technical development and different policy interventions such as incentives and carbon taxation.

Rapeseed replacement

This is not the team’s first evaluation of microalgae as an oilseed replacement in animal diets.

In a previous study, again in dairy cows, the authors found that the substitution of rapeseed meal by microalgae affected the composition but not total amount of DMI as they said the poor palatability of microalgae was compensated by increased silage intake, with the proportion of concentrate in the diet decreased (Lamminen et al., 2017).

“Furthermore, feeding microalgae resulted in lower milk protein yield, efficiency of nitrogen utilization (NUE), and milk production response to increased crude protein intake, which suggested lower protein value of microalgae than that of rapeseed meal. However, microalgae may perform more favorably in comparison to soybean meal as rapeseed meal generally results in [a] greater milk production response than soybean meal on grass silage based diets (Huhtanen et al., 2011; Martineau et al., 2013).”

Microalgae species selection 

The choice of microalgae species likely affects animal performance as the species differ greatly in chemical composition, including amino acid (AA) composition (Becker, 2013), but also in protein degradability (Costa et al., 2016) and cell wall construction, said the Finnish researchers. The effect of the latter has been demonstrated in biogas production, where Chlorella sp.​ (chlorophyta) and Nannochloropsis sp​. (ochrophyta) have resulted in lower fermentability than other strains due to resistant cell wall (Bohutskyi et al., 2014), and cyanobacteria showed higher fermentability than C. vulgaris​ (Mendez et al., 2015), they said.

Crude fat and EPA content is known to be higher in Nannochloropsis sp​. (Sukenik et al., 1993) than in Spirulina platensis​ (cyanobacterium) and C. vulgaris​ (Chacón-Lee and González-Mariño, 2010), which can have positive effect on milk EPA and PUFA concentration similarly to fish oil with high EPA content (Kairenius et al., 2015), added the team.

However, as high dietary fat and especially PUFA concentration can decrease DMI (Onetti and Grummer, 2004; Weld and Armentano, 2017) e.g. via negative effects on ruminal fermentation (Allen, 2000), and oxidation of EPA can result in ‘fishy’ odour compounds (Hammer and Schieberle, 2013), the effect of N. gaditana​ on DMI is likely more negative than that of S. platensis​ and C. vulgaris, ​noted the Finnish experts.

Methodology

The current study weighed up different microalgae species as protein supplements in the nutrition of lactating dairy cows in comparison to soybean meal.

Four multiparous lactating Finnish Ayrshire cows (112 days in milk) were used in a balanced 4 × 4 Latin square study.  

The cows were then randomly assigned to four protein feed rations. The diets consisted of pelleted cereal-sugar beet pulp (A-Rehu Ltd., Seinäjoki, Finland) and (1) a pelleted soybean supplement containing 833 g/kg DM of soybean meal, (SOY​) (A-Rehu Ltd.), (2) S. platensis​ (SPI​) (Duplaco), (3) C. vulgaris​ (CHL​) (Duplaco), or (4) mixture of C. vulgaris​ and N. gaditana​ (1:1 on DM basis; CHL-NAN​) (Duplaco). 

They said they added water to the algae (around 130 ml/kg of concentrates) before mixing it daily with other concentrate components to bind algae powder on pellets. No water was added to concentrates in SOY. In addition to other concentrate components, cows were offered a mineral-vitamin supplement (Pihatto-Melli Plus, Raisioagro Ltd., Raisio, Finland), said the team.

Feed intake and milk yield of the cows were recorded daily throughout, with sampling and analysis of feed, blood, milk, urine and feces also conducted.

Results

The substitution of soybean meal by microalgae did not affect the quantity of total DMI, but changed the composition of DMI by decreasing the concentrate: forage ratio of the diet owing to the poorer palatability of microalgae, found the researchers.

They said the intake of methionine was increased and that of histidine decreased with microalgae diets compared to SOY, but no significant changes in arterial concentrations were observed.

The digestibility of nutrients, milk or energy corrected milk (ECM) yield were not affected by dietary treatments. However, owing to SPI, algae diets resulted in numerically +2.2 kg/d higher ECM yield than SOY, added the authors.

Microalgae diets tended to result in higher milk fat, arterial acetic acid and non-esterified fatty acid concentrations than SOY, they said. Milk fat and arterial acetic acid concentrations were increased and milk fat yield tended to increase on SPI compared to CHL and CHL-NAN, said the researchers.

Urinary nitrogen excretion was also lower for microalgae diets than for SOY, they found.

In summary, they said compared to soy, microalgae did not affect the quantity but changed the composition of DMI due to poorer palatability. The use of S. platensis​ increased milk fat production, while milk EPA concentration was increased without signs of milk fat depression in cows fed the diet that included N. gaditana​.

Source: Animal Feed Science and Technology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2018.11.005​

Title: Different microalgae species as a substitutive protein feed for soya bean meal in grass silage based dairy cow diets

Authors: M. Lamminen, A. Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, T. Kokkonen, S. Jaakkola, A. Vanhatalo 

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Cow gives birth to calf days after jumping from moving truck on the way to abattoir – iNews

A cow that made a daring escape from a moving cattle truck just miles from a slaughterhouse has given birth to a healthy calf.

The bovine heroine, named Brianna, plunged 8ft onto a busy road before she was rescued by members of a local animal sanctuary.

Brianna welcomed female calf Winter two days after arriving at the rescue centre.

‘She kicked the door out’

Mike Stura, 52, founder of Skylands Animal Santuary in New Jersey in the USA, said: “I got a call from a friend of mine who’s a police officer.

“He said there was a cow running down a big highway out here so I hopped into action.

“I got the rescue truck and headed out. When I got there the police had corralled her off the highway and on to a small road where they got a strap round her neck.”

Brianna (cow) and Winter (calf). (Photo: SWNS)
Brianna (cow) and Winter (calf). (Photo: SWNS)

“She fell out of the transport truck from at least 8ft off the ground while the truck was moving,” he continued.

“A witness said she kicked the door out and jumped out on the the highway.

“At first, the truck driver didn’t even realise.”

‘Happy and healthy’

Mr Stura, who ran the sanctuary for four years, said: “I had a vet come and he looked her over and that’s when I found out she was pregnant.

“The vet said, ‘There’s a very big calf in there and she’s going to have it in the next week or so’.”

He added: “They’re both happy and healthy, although Brianna suffered some abrasions during her escape.”

The animal-lover said he wasn’t sure if Brianna’s bid for freedom was down to her being pregnant.

Brianna (cow) and Winter (calf) out and about. (Photo: SWNS)
Brianna (cow) and Winter (calf) out and about. (Photo: SWNS)

But he added: “Any way you look at it, all these animals want to live.

“Without question, I could tell you she was scared to death of being in that truck. It’s not good; they just want out.

“This story resonated with people but many don’t realise how many millions go unseen with this sort of stuff going on every single day.”

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Rogue Pack of wolves kills eighth cow in SW Oregon – KTVZ

Rogue Pack of wolves kills eighth cow in SW Oregon
Wolf (file photo)

MEDFORD, Ore. (AP) – Authorities say gray wolf OR-7's Rogue Pack has been blamed for killing another cow at a ranch in southwest Oregon, marking the eighth confirmed livestock kill attributed to the pack since late October.
 
The Mail Tribune reports that the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says a livestock owner found an injured calf on New Year's Day on a ranch in the Boundary Butte area where the Rogue Pack has killed before.
 
The department's report did not identify the ranch, but rancher Ted Birdseye confirmed Friday it was his in northeastern Jackson County.
 
Birdseye has lost five cows and a guard dog to the wolf pack over the past 13 months.
 
He says he found the 5-month-old calf with 2 feet of intestine protruding from it. The calf was euthanized.
 
___
 
Information from: Mail Tribune, http://www.mailtribune.com/

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These puppies lost their mother in accident. Then a cow adopted them – Hindustan Times

Who doesn’t like heartwarming stories of interspecies friendships? Just days ago, a video of a cat and dog bonding together went viral all over the Internet. And now another such video has made its way online. The video, captured in Uttar Pradesh, shows a cow nursing four puppies on a street.

The short video was recorded by a bystander who couldn’t help but capture the unusual sight before him.

According to some accounts the mother of the four puppies was killed in an accident not long after giving birth. The puppies were eventually adopted by cow who feeds them every day.

The video was shared on social media and received a lot of reactions from people.

Just last week, a video posted by Twitter user Jordan Ireland showed her pet dog and cat showering each other with love. The animals – that are known to not get along with one another – displayed some incredible friendship. The six-seconds-long video shows dog Maggi gently petting cat Pumpkin’s back. Pumpkin is then seen reciprocating the affection by giving Maggi a hug. Since being shared on December 29, the video has collected almost 14 million views – and still counting.

More recently, in a “rare phenomenon”, a lioness at Gir Forest, Gujarat adopted a one-and-half month old leopard cub after it was separated from its mother. Spotted by forest staff around six days ago, the lioness was seen feeding the leopard cub along with two of its own cubs.

First Published: Jan 04, 2019 16:43 IST

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Producers struggle to regulate cow size – Fence Post

Determining what size of cow is ideal for the environment is a hot topic. It depends on the environment, the ranch, and sometimes the rancher. What is even harder is settling on a certain size of cow, and maintaining it.

University of Wyoming Extension Rangeland Specialist Derek Scasta shared a story about his grandfather’s struggles to maintain cow size in his own herd. “What we have is a lot of information to go through,” Scasta told producers during the recent Southeast Wyoming Beef Production convention. “When my grandfather would go to a bull sale, he was looking for EPDs for low birth weight and higher weaning weight, but he may have ignored the maternal traits, and then kept the higher end of the heifer calves for replacements,” he said. The result over time was larger cows.

Looking at the bull’s maternal EPDs will indicate how the heifer calves will look, Scasta said. The bull may have had a positive EPD for milk and mature size, producing larger daughters. “That is why you really need to sort through the bull catalog and look at those EPDs,” he said.

400 POUNDS

In 1975, the average beef cow in the U.S. weighed 1,000 pounds, which became the range management standard for calculating animal unit months. However, recent data suggests the average beef cow now weighs 1,400 pounds. “In 2010, 16 percent of the U.S. beef cows were more than 1,500 pounds,” Scasta said. “That’s millions of beef cows that weigh more than 1,500 pounds on range and pasture in the U.S.”

Despite a more than 400 pound increase in cow size in the last 40 years, Scasta said no evidence exists to suggest that increase has resulted in weaning larger calves. “We have enhanced the production and performance potential of cows, but we may not be realizing that in terms of calf weaning weight,” he said.

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The EPD for yearling weight has increased 100 pounds in the Angus breed, which basically shows ranchers have been selecting for growth in cattle. In 1985, the average carcass weight was 725 pounds, and in 2015, it was 892 pounds, which is 165 pounds larger. “Cattle are basically 20 percent heavier than 35 years ago, and 10 percent heavier than 15 years ago,” he said.

With that amount of growth has come some negatives in relation to animal welfare. Cattle pots were originally designed to haul smaller cattle. “With these bigger cattle, a lot of them will bump their back going into that lower deck, which leaves a bruise on their back leading to a cut out. It is costing the industry $35 million a year because the cattle are bigger today than what the trailers were originally designed for,” Scasta said.

RANGE IMPACT

It is not just a matter of muscle growth. Ranchers have also selected for milk production. “As we have enhanced the performance of our cattle, what has been happening to rangeland? Actually, rangeland has stayed pretty flat despite the production potential of cattle increasing. We have managed to optimize what we get from the range, and it has stayed pretty consistent over time,” he said. “Ranchers have done a good job of matching their cattle genetics with range productivity.”

Scasta said there is a lot of disagreement over optimum cow size. Some studies suggest smaller cows are better because of live weight production and income, while others find larger cows to be more efficient because they have a larger rumen which could be an advantage for the efficiency of processing low quality forages.

A lot of the data available comes from feeding trials, where they did a lot of modeling, Scasta said. “What I found was a lot of mixed studies, and a lack of information in Wyoming,” he said.

Do larger cows wean larger calves?

One study he shared that was published in the Journal of Animal Science, studied how cow size impacts calf weaning weights relative to precipitation extremes. The four-year study involved 80 cows grazing rangeland northwest of Laramie.

The study showed that during the driest years, the larger cows had an advantage, and the smaller cows weaned lighter calves. However, the results were opposite during wet years, and variable during average years. “Taking the average of all four years into account, they found no significant difference in terms of cow size class,” Scasta said. “Smaller cows weaned calves statistically similar to those weaned from the bigger cows, riding the roller coaster of wet-dry-wet-dry,” he said. Calculating the input-output ratio, which is the pounds of grass consumed relative to the pounds of calf weaned, the smaller cows were weaning similar size calves across all wet-dry cycles, Scasta said, while eating less because their nutritional requirements were lower.

A 1,000 pound cow consumed 7½ pounds of grass per pound of weaned calf, according to the study. For a 1,200 pound cow that number jumped to 8½ pounds, and for 1,400 pound cow, it was 9½ pounds. “Basically, the larger cows had to eat more per pound of calf weaned,” he said. “Most ranchers have an efficiency target for the cow weaning a calf that is at least 50 percent of the cow’s body weight. So, a 1,000 pound cow should wean at least a 500 pound calf. In this study, the smaller cows were the only ones to reach that target,” Scasta said.

In another study, Scasta worked with a Wyoming ranch to analyze 8,000 cow/calf records with 13 years of data to determine which cow size is most efficient. The cow size on this ranch varied from 800 to 1,600 pounds, but the majority of the cows weighed 1,100 to 1,300 pounds, Scasta said.

From this data, Scasta found that the smaller to moderate size cows were closer to hitting the 50 percent cow size to weaning weight target, compared to their larger counterparts. “The 1,600 pound cows were actually pretty inefficient for the amount of grass they eat,” he said. “I think the data indicates managing for moderate size cows, and to not let them get bigger over time.”

-Clark is a freelance livestock journalist from western Nebraska. She can be reached by email at tclarklivenews@gmail.com.

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$1000 reward offered for suspect in unlawful cow butchering – www.brproud.com


BATON ROUGE, La (LOCAL 33) (FOX 44) – Authorities are turning to the public for assistance in determining who's responsible for butchering a cow in the pastures of Rapides Parish Wednesday. 

According to the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry, someone unlawfully slaughtered a cow around 5 a.m. on December 29th. We're told the cattle was worth nearly $1,200.

“If you witnessed suspicious activity along Highway 454 in Pineville during the early-morning hours of December 29 or have information about this crime, please contact our inspectors,”  said brand commission inspector Mike Strain.

Anyone with information on this crime is urged to call Livestock Crime Stoppers at 1-800-558-9741 or the Rapides Parish Crime Stoppers at 318-443-7867.

All calls are anonymous and you could earn up to a $1,000 cash reward for information which leads to the arrest and conviction of the person or persons responsible for this crime.

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Vehicle strikes cow near Palm Springs, leaving one person injured – The Desert Sun

At least one person suffered minor injuries when a vehicle struck a cow in an unincorporated area just north of Palm Springs today.

According to the California Highway Patrol, the cow was also injured in the crash, which occurred at about 12:50 a.m. near the intersection of Mountain View and Club House drives.

Animal control personnel were called to the scene, though it was unclear what the cow’s fate was or where the animal came from.

The CHP log indicates that an ambulance was not called to the scene.

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